MAMC Journal of Medical Sciences

: 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1--7

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES): A review

Neera Chaudhry1, Kamakshi Dhamija2, Vinod Puri3 
1 Professor and Head, Department of Neurology, VMMC & SJH, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant Neurologist, Kainos Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 Senior Director, Department of Neurology and Head, Comprehensive Epilepsy Services, Max Superspeciality Hospital (Saket), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Kamakshi Dhamija
Consultant Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Kainos Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana (DM Neurology, GIPMER, New Delhi), Delhi bypass Road, Rohtak, 124001, Haryana

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are observable abrupt paroxysmal changes in consciousness or behaviour that present similar to epileptic seizures but are not accompanied by the electrophysiological changes associated with epilepsy and there is a strong suspicion or positive evidence for existence of a psychogenic cause. There is no single feature that absolutely distinguishes true epileptic events from psychogenic nonepileptic seizures and hence there is considerable diagnostic uncertainty for the condition. This is well evidenced by the fact that there is an average delay of approximately 7 years before the right diagnosis of ‘psychogenic seizures’ is achieved. Hence, this leads to an enormous social and economic burden on the society with costs incurred upon ‘PNES’ approximating that of refractory epilepsy group. This review focusses on the salient clinical pointers to the condition along with possible diagnostic and treatment strategies.

How to cite this article:
Chaudhry N, Dhamija K, Puri V. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES): A review.MAMC J Med Sci 2019;5:1-7

How to cite this URL:
Chaudhry N, Dhamija K, Puri V. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES): A review. MAMC J Med Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Jan 24 ];5:1-7
Available from:;year=2019;volume=5;issue=1;spage=1;epage=7;aulast=Chaudhry;type=0