Year : 2018 | Volume
: 4 | Issue : 3 | Page : 133--136
Status of Noncommunicable Disease Screening in an Urban Resettlement Colony in Delhi, India: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study
Ruchira Pangtey, Saurav Basu, Gajendra S Meena, Bratati Banerjee
Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
Background Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are responsible for more than two-third cases of premature mortality (30–69 years) in India. Screening for NCDs is the most effective means for detection of undiagnosed NCD cases and early treatment initiation that lowers morbidity and mortality due to these diseases. The objective of the present study was to assess the NCD screening status in an urban resettlement colony of Delhi.
Materials and Methods A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among residents of the area. Patients with preexisting hypertension and diabetes and aged below 30 years were excluded. The patients were further screened for hypertension by taking three separate readings using an aneroid sphygmomanometer. The Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) was calculated to evaluate diabetes risk.
Results A total of 110 men and 103 women (N = 213) met the inclusion criteria. The mean (±standard deviation) age of the patients was 40 (±9.3) years. A history of previous screening for hypertension and diabetes was reported by 73 (34.2%) and 40 (35.4%) patients, respectively. A medium or high-risk of having diabetes mellitus as per the IDRS score was present in most (88.4%) patients. On current screening, nine (8.2%) men and nine (8.7%) women were identified as undiagnosed hypertension cases. Only four (3.8%) women had undergone a clinical breast exam, and just nine (8.7%) women ever had a Pap smear examination.
Conclusion The present study shows that the current strategy of opportunistic screening for NCDs has been unable to reach large segments of vulnerable and at risk populations.
Dr. Saurav Basu
Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
|How to cite this article:|
Pangtey R, Basu S, Meena GS, Banerjee B. Status of Noncommunicable Disease Screening in an Urban Resettlement Colony in Delhi, India: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study.MAMC J Med Sci 2018;4:133-136
|How to cite this URL:|
Pangtey R, Basu S, Meena GS, Banerjee B. Status of Noncommunicable Disease Screening in an Urban Resettlement Colony in Delhi, India: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. MAMC J Med Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 26 ];4:133-136
Available from: http://www.mamcjms.in/article.asp?issn=2394-7438;year=2018;volume=4;issue=3;spage=133;epage=136;aulast=Pangtey;type=0