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   Table of Contents      
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 152-153

Global Reduction in the Incidence of Deaths Associated With Road Traffic Injuries: World Health Organization


1 Vice-Principal Curriculum, Member of the Medical Education Unit and Medical Research Unit, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College & Research Institute, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College & Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) − Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet Taluk, Tamil Nadu − 603108, India

Date of Submission31-Jul-2019
Date of Acceptance05-Sep-2019
Date of Web Publication17-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Associate Professor Saurabh R Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur – Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet Taluk, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu - 603108
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_62_19

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Global Reduction in the Incidence of Deaths Associated With Road Traffic Injuries: World Health Organization. MAMC J Med Sci 2019;5:152-3

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Global Reduction in the Incidence of Deaths Associated With Road Traffic Injuries: World Health Organization. MAMC J Med Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Apr 6];5:152-3. Available from: http://www.mamcjms.in/text.asp?2019/5/3/152/273287





Sir,

Road traffic injuries have been regarded as one of the major global public health concerns; it has been anticipated that in the absence of consistent efforts, it will become the seventh most frequent cause of death worldwide by the year 2030.[1] As a matter of fact, these road traffic injuries remain the most common cause of death among people between the age group of 15 to 29 years and it has been estimated that in excess of 1.2 million people die annually because of such accidents.[1] From a nation’s perspective, these injuries cast a significant impact on the financial growth of the nation and accounts for a huge burden on the healthcare delivery system.[1],[2]

Acknowledging the importance and scope of the problem, a target of minimizing the number of deaths by 50% has been set by the year 2020.[3] This is a very challenging target for the global leaders, nevertheless, considering that such injuries are preventable, and there is a definite ray of hope.[1],[2],[3] However, to accomplish the same, the national governments have to develop a holistic strategy and involve all the sectors (namely, health, police, transport, education, and mass media) that are involved in ensuring the safety of roads, vehicles, and the road users.[2],[3] The good news is that some of the nations have succeeded in accomplishing an effective and sustained betterment in road safety standards, but then the challenge for the policy makers is to replicate the similar results in other nations and that too in a short time span.[1],[3]

As already envisaged, for a favorable outcome, sustained political will is the starting point, and then only we should aim to address the other factors that not only reduce the number of deaths but also minimize the incidence of road traffic injuries.[2],[3] The first and foremost thing is to formulate comprehensive laws, which can very well reduce the number of both injuries and deaths.[3] However, there is no need for us to emphasize that in the absence of stringent implementation of the same, we are not going to make any big difference whatsoever.[1]

Further, the time has come, when we have to give attention to the needs of pedestrians and motorists/cyclists, who together accounts for almost 50% of the reported deaths.[1] There is an immense need to not only make walking and cycling safer, but even encourage the same for a better lifestyle and environment control.[2],[3] In addition, efforts have to be made to ensure that safety standards of cars are also improved, as even today, only 20% of the cars in low and middle-income nations meet the set safety standards.[3] This is high time that the concerned ministries should intervene and make it compulsory for the manufacturing companies to meet the proposed standards.[3]

Simultaneously, the data pertaining to these injuries is not complete in many nations and special emphasis should be given to improve the surveillance standards.[1],[2] Moreover, there is an immense scope to improve the quality of care offered to the victims at the crash site.[1] In addition, there is a need to establish trauma centers and keep them well equipped to enable them to discharge their duties effectively.[3] We are pretty much sure that if all these actions are taken in a time-bound manner, we will be able to make a significant difference in the coming years worldwide.[1],[2],[3]

In conclusion, road safety is of paramount importance and the need of the hour is to involve all the stakeholders and work together in a concerted manner to achieve the global target and thus reduce the number of road traffic injuries and deaths.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Road traffic injuries − fact sheet; 2018. Available at http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/road-traffic-injuries. [Accessed July 31, 2019].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Mid-term assessment of the decade of action for road safety: progress made, yet at a slow rate. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016;20:312-3.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
World Health Organization. Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015. Geneva: WHO Press 2015. pp. 1-12.  Back to cited text no. 3
    




 

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