• Users Online: 2327
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-7

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES): A review

1 Professor and Head, Department of Neurology, VMMC & SJH, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant Neurologist, Kainos Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana, India
3 Senior Director, Department of Neurology and Head, Comprehensive Epilepsy Services, Max Superspeciality Hospital (Saket), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Kamakshi Dhamija
Consultant Neurologist, Department of Neurology, Kainos Hospital, Rohtak, Haryana (DM Neurology, GIPMER, New Delhi), Delhi bypass Road, Rohtak, 124001, Haryana
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_57_18

Rights and Permissions

Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are observable abrupt paroxysmal changes in consciousness or behaviour that present similar to epileptic seizures but are not accompanied by the electrophysiological changes associated with epilepsy and there is a strong suspicion or positive evidence for existence of a psychogenic cause. There is no single feature that absolutely distinguishes true epileptic events from psychogenic nonepileptic seizures and hence there is considerable diagnostic uncertainty for the condition. This is well evidenced by the fact that there is an average delay of approximately 7 years before the right diagnosis of ‘psychogenic seizures’ is achieved. Hence, this leads to an enormous social and economic burden on the society with costs incurred upon ‘PNES’ approximating that of refractory epilepsy group. This review focusses on the salient clinical pointers to the condition along with possible diagnostic and treatment strategies.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded2    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal