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   Table of Contents      
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-108

Talking About Sexual Health: Need of the Hour to Contain Sexually Transmitted Infections


1 Department of Community Medicine, Member of the Medical Education Unit & Medical Research Unit, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute (Sri Balaji Vidyaapeeth, Pondicherry), India

Date of Web Publication28-Aug-2018

Correspondence Address:
Saurabh R Shrivastava
3rd Floor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College & Research Institute, Ammapettai Village, Thiruporur-Guduvancherry Main Road, Sembakkam Post, Kancheepuram 603108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_19_18

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Talking About Sexual Health: Need of the Hour to Contain Sexually Transmitted Infections. MAMC J Med Sci 2018;4:107-8

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Talking About Sexual Health: Need of the Hour to Contain Sexually Transmitted Infections. MAMC J Med Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Dec 18];4:107-8. Available from: http://www.mamcjms.in/text.asp?2018/4/2/107/240001



Dear Editor,

From the perspective of the available caseload, it has been estimated that more than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are acquired each day worldwide, which often leads to serious reproductive health after-effects such as infertility, congenital transmission, and adverse birth outcomes.[1] In addition, the problem of antimicrobial resistance has also emerged as a serious global concern.[1] Regardless of the existence of numerous problems, even today, most of the stakeholders are reluctant to talk about the gravity of the situation and the associated problems.[2]

More than 30 microorganisms have been isolated, which are associated with the sexual transmission of the disease.[1] However, only eight pathogens have been linked with the maximum load of the disease, of which four cannot be cured as of now, which is quite alarming.[1] Moreover, considering the fact that a large proportion of people can remain asymptomatic despite suffering from the STIs, it makes the task of health professionals even more challenging.[1],[3]

It has been very well said that the majority of the people who are alive today is the result of two people having sex, and that it is not only to have children, but also remains an indicator of attachment and pleasure.[2] Moreover, considering that humans are the reservoirs of numerous pathogens, of which some can be sexually transmitted, it is of utmost importance to give attention to these infections.[3] In fact, STIs should not be treated differently from the other types of infections, both by the society as well as by the healthcare providers.[2],[4] If people do not have an issue to approach the doctor for a throat infection, then they should not have any reluctance even for STIs.[2] On a similar note, if doctors do not mind treating a gastrointestinal or a respiratory system infection, in no way they should have a different approach toward people with STIs.[2]

Even though the situation pertaining to sexual health is good among the residents of developed nations, there is an immense need to break the barrier of stigma and discrimination toward STIs and people suffering from the same in developing nations.[4] Moreover, it has been advocated that the best way to respond to the existing scenario is by talking about sex on the public platform, so that it becomes a mainstream topic.[2],[4] If each one of us can talk about it and the associated aspects, we will be quite successful in neutralizing the prevailing barriers about prevention, transmission, or even the treatment of STIs.[2] In addition, interventions to strengthen effective STI services (such as case management, counseling, treatment, and vaccination), the integration of STI services within the health systems, the promotion of research, and measures to monitor and respond to the STI-related antimicrobial resistance can play a significant role.[1],[2],[3],[4]

In conclusion, it is high time that we start talking about sex and sexually transmitted infections as ignorance is one of the biggest barriers in the prevention and control of the disease.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) − Key Facts; 2016. Available from: http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/sexually-transmitted-infections-(stis). [Last accessed on 2018 May 4].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
World Health Organization. Why Talking About Sex is Good for Your Health; 2017. Available from: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/safe-sex-and-stis/en/. [Last accessed on 2018 May 4].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Sexual and reproductive health needs of women and girls: Determinants, utilization, and role of adolescent peer educators. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:519-20.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  
4.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Responding to the sensitive issue of sexual health by improving awareness and sexual education. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:799-800.  Back to cited text no. 4
  [Full text]  




 

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