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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 146-151

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice About Pharmacovigilance Among Healthcare Providers of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in New Delhi (India)

Department of Pharmacology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vandana Roy
Department of Pharmacology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_31_17

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Introduction: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The college has recently been recognized as an Adverse Drug reaction Monitoring Center under the National Pharmacovigilance Program. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) about pharmacovigilance among healthcare providers and medical students of the college and associated hospital. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was conducted. A pretested, validated questionnaire for assessing the KAP of pharmacovigilance among the healthcare providers and medical students was used. Results: The knowledge and attitude of healthcare providers toward reporting of ADRs was satisfactory. Awareness about the pharmacovigilance activities in the institution was less as only 27.8% were aware. More than 90% participants agreed that reporting of ADRs is important, should be made mandatory, and believed that it would help patient safety in the long term. Less than 50% healthcare providers reported regular ADRs. The reasons for not reporting ADRs included difficulty in knowing whether an ADR has occurred or it is a symptom of disease, lack of time, ADR is already well known, managing the patient is more important, or ADR is mild. Training on how to report an ADR during their professional course was received by 60.4% of the healthcare providers. The pharmacists were less aware, whereas the medical students were well aware about the importance of pharmacovigilance. Conclusion: There is a need to improve the culture of reporting ADRs among the healthcare providers in the institute. The first step would be to increase awareness about facilities and processes in place for reporting ADRs. Incorporation of training about pharmacovigilance in the curriculum of all the healthcare providers may help in increasing awareness and practice of reporting ADRs.

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